Pineda Torres Gerardo Mariano Advanced Grammar
Inlingua English Center
Nuclear energy, from petroleum to Fusion Nuclear energy
In the present the environmental issues related with nuclear energy are strong criticize by some people.
This criticism is because the threat of imminent explosions and radioactive leaks in nuclear reactors, also
the wastes of the fission reaction are extremely unstable and can stay activated for thousands of years.
The search for clean and abundant energy sources started a long time ago, and now we know for sure
many technologies capable of produce clean energy but they are not enough competent to produce the
amount of energy required by our modern society.
Petroleum has become the most important source of energy and richness for many countries around
the world. Products as gasoline, kerosene, jet fuel, plastics and toluene are sell and use worldwide by
people, factories and vehicles. Nowadays we have a strong dependence on petroleum products. PEMEX,
a Mexican company, published in 2013 that the day average production of petroleum reached a total of
3.7 thousand of millions of barrels in 2012. Although the big amount of oil barrels production has been
declining since the last 5 years and the cheap petroleum era is coming to its end.
At the present time we have many ways to produce energy, just by mention a few: solar, wind power,
geothermic, hydroelectric, biomass and nuclear sources. From these energy sources mentioned just one
has the capability to cover the tremendous consumption that has been arising since many years ago:
nuclear fusion. From fusion reactions we can get huge amounts of clean and safe energy. Fusion is the
process that makes the sun shine and warm our solar system.
Fusion technology use deuterium and tritium (hydrogen isotopes) pellets as fuel instead of Uranium
or Plutonium bars. The waste generated by the reaction is a non-radioactive substance called Helium.
The fuel source is basically a kind of hydrogen witch happens to be the most abundant element in the
universe, in other words, an unlimited source of energy. Finally, Fusion technology has been tested since
1932 and since 2008 ITER project has been developing the first commercial large scale reactor to test the
economic and technology viability of this energy source that hopefully will end the petroleum era.
In the present we cannot eliminate the use of petroleum products because of their economic importance.
The technology that might succeed as a future large scale source of energy is the Fusion. The advantages
of Fusion are obvious, clean and abundant energy. Nevertheless the technology necessary to control and
use Nuclear Fusion is in process of development and test by people of the ITER project. In conclusion
this nuclear alternative is a long term solution for the energy problematic going on all over the world.